Bacterial leaching as a pre-treatment step for gold recovery from refractory ores. Alper Ozkan. Salih Aydoğan. Alper Ozkan. Salih Aydoğan. Related Papers. Libro Biomineria 2007. By Luis Aguilar. Biooxidation of sulfidic refractory gold ores. By Rupert Kirchner.READ MORE
· Typically, gold is encapsulated or finely disseminated in refractory gold ores and the direct cyanidation is not effective for gold extraction from these ores, even after the ore is ground to exceeding small particles (Nazari, 2017, Corrans and Angove, 1991).Especially for sulfide refractory gold ores, in order to recover gold, many oxidation pretreatment technologies were proposed …READ MORE
Refractory gold ores are those that do not yield high gold recoveries in conventional cyanide-leaching circuits, even when the ore is finely ground. The cause of low gold recoveries can be either ... gold recovery of 85 to 90%. In addition the majority of carbonate present in the ore is significantlyREAD MORE
The metallic content of agglomerates is influenced by the gold content, gold recovery, and carbon/ore ratio. For example, it has been determined that ores with 1 g/t of gold will form agglomerates with 1,050 – 1,550 g/t of gold. The recovery can be improved by adding surfactants. This action is similar to the conventional flotation.READ MORE
2.1 Microwave pre- treatment of refractory gold ores . Most of refractory gold occurs within sulphide minerals such as FeS 2 and FeAsS and are treated by roasting, pressure leaching or bacterial leaching to render the gold amenable to recovery by subsequent treatment techniques (Haque, 1987).READ MORE
Problem ores that yield low (say less than 80%) gold recovery by cyanidation when "normally ground" are defined as refractory. The term, as well as the technical methods used to treat such ores, are relatively new. Rose and Newman''s very comprehensive book, The Metallurgy of Gold, does not even contain the term refractory in its latest ...READ MORE
· These refractory ores require pre-treatment in order for cyanidation to be effective in recovery of the gold. Roasting is the process used to extract gold from the refractory gold ore.READ MORE
SGS has very extensive experience with all the unit operations involved in the processing of refractory gold ores, and in selecting the optimum flowsheet for a particular ore. Our gold metallurgy expertise is second to none. Chemical interference. There are two important mechanisms by which gold recovery is limited through chemical interference.READ MORE
refractory gold ores are sulphidic in nature. This means that flotation is invariably the first process option to consider. This is relatively straight forward and achieves high gold recovery. The higher the gold to sulphur ratio the better in terms of downstream processing options. For refractory gold ores gravity recovery is usually poor and ...READ MORE
More ore bodies have been found where the gold is not amenable to simple cyanidation alone, and low recoveries have resulted from metallurgical testwork. In the simplest of terms these are refractory ore bodies. Reasons for ores being refractory will be highlighted.READ MORE
refractory gold ore is gold-containing ore that is resistant to recovery by direct cyanidation and carbon adsorption processes. More specifically, it is an ore that has a gold recovery rate of less than 80% when direct cyanidation is applied to it. Dr Chris Fleming, senior metallurgical consultant at …READ MORE
Refractory Gold Technology Sherritt''s Refractory Gold Technology is used to recover gold from refractory sulphide feedstocks. Many gold ores and concentrates contain fine grained gold locked within sulphide minerals, such as pyrite and/or arsenopyrite, unavailable for recovery by conventional leaching. In Sherritt''s gold process, the ...READ MORE
· Gold miners are facing a reserves crisis, and what is left in the ground is becoming more and more challenging to process.Refractory gold reserves, which require more sophisticated treatment methods in order to achieve oxide-ore recovery rates, correspond to 24 percent of current gold reserves and 22 percent of gold resources worldwide (Exhibit 1).READ MORE
Abstract: Gold telluride ores are important gold refractory ores due to the presence of sulfides and other gangue materials. The classification and main physical properties of gold telluride ores were described, and possible treatment methods including flotation, leaching, and oxida-tion were reviewed.READ MORE
· The reason of the gold mineral refractory There are so many types of reasons that caused the difficulty of gold ore processing, including physical element, chemical element, and mineralogical element.READ MORE
The considerable part of the world Au-bearing reserves is present by refractory ores with finely disseminated gold. Gold in such ores is often associated with sulphide minerals and locked in so called "sulphide capsula" since it is closed inside dense sulphide grains and inaccessible to recovery …READ MORE
FOR GOLD RECOVERY FROM REFRACTORY ORES In this article, pre-treatment such as bio-leaching before cyanidation is discussed as an alternative technique to treat refractory gold ores containing pyrite and arsenopyrite. There are two methods of bacterial leaching, namely stirred reactor bio-leaching and bio-heap leach processes. ...READ MORE
The invention relates to a method of increasing the leaching yield of gold in the cyanide treatment of refractory ores or concentrates of such ores, while delivering air in an alkaline environment at atmospheric pressure, wherein gold present in said ores or concentrates is bound as tellurides. The method is characterised by carrying out the cyanide treatment at a temperature above room ...READ MORE
A process for recovering precious metals from a refractory ore by forming a slurry which is heated to a temperature in excess of about 150° C. at an oxygen partial pressure in excess of about 10 psia for an effective amount of time to form a partially oxidized slurry which is then subjected to carbon-in-leach treatment to separate the precious metals.READ MORE
· Processing of most gold ores, other than placers, involves conventional gravity separation and direct cyanidation. The difficult (or refractory) gold ores are not amenable to direct cyanidation and these ores require detailed mineralogical investigations to assist in determining the recovery processes. There are six mineralogical factors that can contribute to poorer recoveries.READ MORE
PRESSURE OXIDATION OF REFRACTORY GOLD ORES: THE METATES GOLD PROJECT EXPERIENCE . By . 1Gary Parkison, 2Art Ibrado, 3Grenvil Dunn, 3Nelson Mora and 3Yong Yong Teo . 1Chesapeake Gold Corp., Canada . 2M3 Engineering and Technology, USA . 3. Orway Mineral Consultants (WA) Pty Ltd, Australia . Corresponding AuthorREAD MORE
Processing routes for gold recovery of top world20 gold producers in 2011. (Adapted from Adams 2016) In last decades, the rate of refractory gold ores processing is growing, that requires developing of effective and sustainable technologies, which would be economically beneficial, environmentally friendly and …READ MORE
Recently, the U.S. Bureau of Mines examined the recovery of gold by chlorination of refractory carbonaceous and sulfidic ores, comparing various treatment methods in which a ground ore pulp is contacted with chlorine gas and activated carbon is added to the pulp for a carbon-in-chlorine leach (CICL). The objective of this research was to demonstrate the basic feasibility of CICL technology.READ MORE
A method for recovery of gold from a gold-containing, refractory pyrite-rich ore or concentrate is disclosed. The method results in the production of a high grade, gold-containing solid intermediate concentrate. One embodiment comprises the steps of treating gold-containing material (100) rich in pyrite, arseno-pyrite or other iron sulphide to yield a gold-containing refractory concentrate ...READ MORE
The race is on. The industry needs to discover more economically viable means of extracting gold from refractory, low-grade ores and thereby increase reserves. Since 2012, there have been less than ten major gold deposits discovered globally. Looking at the five years prior to 2012, the number of major discoveries was nearly four times as high.READ MORE
The problem concerning effective processing of gold ledge ores extremely refractory to loosening has been considered. . Among gold ledge ores in Central Kazakhstan, ores from the Sayak-4 gold-arsenic-cobalt deposit discovered in 1950s have not been processed until the present as they are extremely refractory to loosening and beneficiation.READ MORE
· At the plant of the Consolidated Murchison Co. in the Transvaal, South Africa, where a refractory high-antimony gold ore is being treated, flotation and cyanidation of the flotation concentrates and tailings are being practiced. The association of the antimony and gold is very intimate, and during 1946, while the antimony recovery amounted to ...READ MORE
Flotation of Gold Ores 17.1 INTRODUCTION The recovery of gold from gold-bearing ores depends largely on the nature of the deposit, the mineralogy of the ore and the distribution of gold in the ore. The methods used for the recovery of gold consist of the following unit operations: 1.READ MORE
The present invention is directed to an improvement in a process for the recovery of gold from refractory sulfidic auriferous ores which comprises oxidizing a slurry of ore with oxygen gas under pressure in the presence of sulfuric acid, neutralizing the oxidized slurry, cyanidizing the neutralized slurry to leach gold therefrom, and recovering gold from the resultant leachate.READ MORE
mainly about the refractory gold leaching easily through arsenic removal to expose gold, changing the composition, physic-chemical and electro-chemical properties of the ore. Currently, there are four main methods of pretreatments of refractory gold ores with As. Pretreatment options for deal-ing with refractory gold ores are illustrated in Fig ...READ MORE
A method is disclosed for leaching a gold ore which is refractory due to the presence of sulphide minerals of arsenic and antimony. The ground ore is leached with cyanide in a pipe reactor at a pressure of between 5 and 8 MPa. The terminal pH value of the pulp is controlled to be 10 or less than 10.READ MORE
Refractory Gold. Any ore that is not readily amenable to recovery by conventional cyanide leaching at a reasonable grind size can be considered refractory. The three primary factors that cause gold ores to be refractory are: • Physical encapsulation – Extremely fine (<10 µm) particles are locked within an impervious, unreactive mineral.READ MORE
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